Autism is a developmental disability that begins at birth or within the first two and a half years of life that causes difficulty with communication and social skills. Autism is known as a spectrum disorder because it ranges in severity.
There are Autism related disorders known as Asperger’s Syndrome or Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Asperger’s syndrome is the label currently used for those who were previously diagnosed as “High Functioning Autism.” Individuals diagnosed with Asperger’s have no language impairments but demonstrate Autistic-like behaviors. PDD-NOS is diagnosed in children who do not meet the full criteria for Autism or Asperger’s.